Sometimes software development can be quite surprising. For example, one day you get confused because code you wrote doesn’t run as expected. You think about it some time and find a workaround but still can’t explain why it ran unexpectedly. Because you got other work to do you postpone thinking about it further.
Then the next day you read an article which references a change in a programming language and suddenly you get the explanation for that unexpected behaviour the day before. Tada!
This just happened to me with PHP’s ternary operator:
$b = 1; $c = 2; echo (!empty($b)) ? $b : (!empty($c)) ? $c : 0;
What do you expect to be echoed? I expect 1 to be echoed which reflects the behaviour of most other programming languages. PHP prints 2 instead. This was the cause for that unexpected behaviour in my program – which i accidentally worked around by not using the ternary operator but didn’t understand why.
PHP groups the ternary operator from left as other programming languages group it from right. This behaviour is explained as request for change in PHP RFC: Deprecate left-associative ternary operator. This article is referenced as RFC for implementation in PHP 7.4. So along with many other changes PHP moves towards doing less unexpected things which is very good.
Associativity in general is explained in this article.